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Let’s say that we’re still neighbors in Ain’t No Laws When You’re Shamrock’n Claws shirt Cambridge, MA. You write something on Quora about me that I believe is defamatory. Moreoever, all my friends back home in Las Vegas read it. Let’s even say I do business with some those people, and I allege they stopped doing business with me as a result of reading what you wrote. You’ve still never been to Nevada, but now at least the harm is felt there and some of the key witnesses are there. Now can I sue you.
Or how about a real case: you’re Ain’t No Laws When You’re Shamrock’n Claws shirt a Japanese manufacturer of, among other things, tire valves. You sell your valves to a Chinese distributor, who incorporates them into motorcycle wheels. Those wheels end up being sold worldwide, and specifically in California. At some point, one of the valves fails. Among other parties, you (the Japanese valve manufacturer) is sued in California state court. You don’t do business in California. You don’t sell (directly) to California customers. You don’t have an office in California. You don’t advertise in California. But you are aware that the “stream of commerce” puts your valves in motorcycle tires, and you are aware that some of those motorcycles are sold in California. Is that enough of a connection to be hailed into California court? If so, why? (If not, why not.